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Russia's New Vaccine: Sputnik V For Coronavirus Actually Works?

In the middle of COVID-19, every country in general and each person particularly are all worry to find a way to prevent this annoying virus. However, according to the statement of Russian President Valdimir Putin on August 11, the Russian Ministry of Health will deploy a new COVID-19 vaccine called Sputnik V. Russia will be the world's first country that approved vaccine to fight the spread of the new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Putin also said that Russia has currently received orders for 1 billion doses of Sputnik V vaccine from 20 countries in South America, the Middle East and Asia. 

Russia New Vaccine: Does it actually work?

Sputnik V background information

According to the information posted on the Clinicaltrials.gov data site, run by the National Library of Medicine of the United States, the Sputnik V vaccine is prepared by the Gamaleya Institute of Biological and Epidemiology under the Russian Ministry of Health. That is also can be seen as the answer to the question ‘when will the Coronavirus vaccine be available’.

According to Gamaleya's publication posted on Clinicaltrials.gov, the vaccine has only been tested in phases 1 and 2 on a total of 36 people. Accordingly, phase 1 has been tested on two groups of volunteers, each group of 9 people and the duration of follow-up on the safety of the vaccine (without complications and side effects) is 5 days. The deal at phase 2 of testing on 20 volunteers with 4 safety checks on Saturdays, 14, 28 and 42 from the date the volunteers were vaccinated. Gamaleya does not publish the data collected during its testing. According to information from the Russian press, the Gamaleya Institute also intends to conduct a phase 3 test on 1,600 volunteers but does not know when. Thus, the testing of Russian vaccines is incomplete because stage 3 has not been implemented - which is considered the most important stage in the testing process. At the same time, the number of people participating in phase 1 and phase 2 trials is too small compared to the international medical regulations on clinical trials of vaccines.

The scientific journal Nature reported that the scientific community in the field of epidemiology in the world as well as of Russia has voiced concerns about the safety of the public health after Russia decided to use it widely vaccine Sputnik V. The Association of Clinical Research Organizations in Russia (ACRO) has issued a statement that Gamaleya's vaccine trial sequence is in violation of the basic principles of clinical research. The ACRO believes that this undone testing process also violates Russian law as well as international regulations on vaccine research. The world's leading scientists also share the view that the widespread deployment of Sputnik V vaccine by Russia is "too hasty and reckless" because of mass deployment without serious and full testing enough is a violation of medical ethics. Because vaccines can have adverse health effects on the person being vaccinated, as well as potentially negative long-term consequences for people. In addition, when the implementation of vaccines has not been fully verified, there is another harm to deal with that may cause the Russian people to have a subjective mentality, so they will loosen up with measures to prevent infection such as community gap, wearing a mask in public, washing hands often ... increasing the number of people infected with COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) also expressed concern about Russia's mass deployment of the Sputnik vaccine and recommended that the Russian health sector should fully comply with the testing stages before it is widely used in the people. 

What experts said about this new vaccine

Mr Jarbas Barbosa - assistant director of the Inter-American Health Organization (PAHO) of the World Health Organization (WHO): Do not do until the phase 2 and 3 clinical trials are completed to ensure the safety and effectiveness of vaccines.

European health experts: Without adequate test data it would be difficult to trust Russian-developed vaccines.

German Minister of Health Jens Spahn: The Russian vaccine has not yet undergone phase 3 clinical trial, it is too early to be used for many millions of people because it is not known what the potential risk is, especially for resistant people. Weakness, pre-existing disease ...

Mexican Deputy Health Minister Hugo Lopez-Gatell: Very surprised that Russia announced the first COVID-19 vaccine, we will wait for more information.

What community should do at the moment

In the period of time waiting for the new vaccine such as Sputnik V to be completed in the safest way, people around the world should remain vigilant and fully comply with preventive measures as well as protection for themselves and others around. By using a mask in public as well as crowded places, washing your hands often, avoiding close contact, away from 2m away when you have to go out and be in contact with people around you are the things you should do to the forehead infected with the coronavirus. Because of the increasing demand, especially at the peak of the epidemic season, face masks and hand sanitizer are still the two most sought-after items. Taking advantage of this opportunity, some vendors have increased the prices of their products to benefit from the main pandemic so you should be very careful when looking to buy. In addition, you can also sit at home to learn and order online, in this way, you will limit going out and social contact. Finding coupons, deals, discount codes, promotion codes about the products you want to buy will also help you save money during this difficult season.

What community should do at the moment

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